How Weight Impacts Health

As your weight goes up, the state of your health goes down. Click below to see the percentage of individuals within each weight category who have been diagnosed with an obesity-related condition.

Healthy Weight individuals
18.5-24.9 BMI
Overweight individuals
25.0-29.9 BMI
Obese individuals
30.0-34.9 BMI
Severely Obese individuals
≥35.0 BMI
25.9%

have prediabetes

23%

have dyslipidemia

23%

have hypertension

Sources

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm. Accessed January 13, 2015

Understanding Obesity-Related Disease

Prediabetes

Prediabetes, an early stage of type 2 diabetes, means that your blood glucose (sugar) levels are elevated due to lowered insulin sensitivity. Insulin is a hormone that helps shuttle glucose out of your bloodstream and on to millions of cells that use it as energy. When your body doesn't respond well to insulin, that sugar remains in the bloodstream, and cells begin to starve, which leads to a host of health problems.

Dyslipidemia

Dyslipidemia means that there is an imbalance of fat in your bloodstream. You might have too much “bad cholesterol” (low-density lipoprotein), too little “good cholesterol” (high-density lipoprotein), or an excess of triglycerides, which are the fats found in foods. This imbalance can lead to plaque build-up on your artery walls, which raises your risk of heart disease and heart attack.

Hypertension

Hypertension means you have higher than normal pressure in your blood vessels. Your heart beating and the flexibility of your artery walls creates this pressure. When blood pressure is high, the heart has to work harder to pump blood and circulate it throughout your body. This added strain can put you at risk for cardiovascular disease.

The Long-Term Effects

The health consequences of prediabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension range from Alzheimer's to heart failure. Click on each condition to see its associated complications.

Condition:
Prediabetes Dyslipidemia Hypertension
Sources

Mayo Clinic Staff. Diseases and Conditions Prediabetes. The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prediabetes/basics/complications/con-20024420. Published December 17, 2014. Accessed January 13, 2015

Mayo Clinic Staff. Diseases and Conditions High cholesterol. The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/basics/complications/con-20020865. Published November 22, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2015

Mayo Clinic Staff. Diseases and Conditions High blood pressure (hypertension). The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/complications/con-20019580. Published September 06, 2014. Accessed January 13, 2015

What Is Coronary Heart Disease? National Institutes of Health. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad. Published September 06, 2014. Accessed January 13, 2015

High Cholesterol (Dyslipidemia). Johns Hopkins Medicine. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/digestive_weight_loss_center/conditions/high_cholesterol.html. Accessed January 13, 2015